Liberapedia
Advertisement
Thomas Jefferson
20151018 163304.jpg
Mr. Jefferson
Political party: Democratic-Republican
Political Positions: 1st Secretary of State
2nd Vice President
3rd President
Born April 13, 1743
Died July 4, 1826 (aged 83)
Predecessor John Adams
Sucessor James Madison

Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States, the second Vice President and the first Secretary of State. He was generally a Democratic-Republican, but not an official member. The most notable thing about his Presidency is the case Marbury v. Madison. He initiated the Louisiana Purchase about France which doubled the size of the United States. He reversed some of the fascist policies of his predecessor. He also wrote the Declaration of Independence, so The Bush's aren't big fans. Jefferson political beliefs could be considered in some ways Liberal.

Life

American Revolution

During the Revolution, Jefferson was Virginia's delegate to the Continental Congress, succeeding George Washington after he was nominated by John Adams to lead the Continental Army. At age 33, he was one of the youngest delegates. When it became clear that chances of reconciliation with Great Britain was no longer possible, Congress gave Jefferson the assignment of drafting a Declaration of Independence to declare the Thirteen Colonies sovereign and independent states. He was inspired by the Enlightenment ideals of the sanctity of the individual, as well as by the writings of John Locke and Montesquieu.

Jefferson presented the first draft to fellow Congressmen and friends Benjamin Franklin and John Adams. The very first draft of the Declaration included a declaration of rights of all men (obviously WASP men but you get the point).

The document also included a declaration for slavery to be abolished. While the non-slave owners Franklin and Adams might of agreed with sentiment, they knew that the other Southern delegates (and even some Northern ones as slavery was still legal in some northern states at that time) would not agree to independence if slavery was going to be abolished. Despite being a slaveowner, Jefferson proclaimed "Slavery is an abomination and must be loudly proclaimed as such." But he also admitted that no man had a solution to deal with it. Unfortunately, the anti-slavery clause was removed to ensure a unanimous passage of the Declaration.

Possibly lineage

There's allegations that he may have fathered at least one illegitimate black child. [1] [2]

The Hemings children carry Jefferson genes, so are descended from a Jefferson, probably Thomas Jefferson. Conservative racists care about the possible interracial relationship and discrediting Liberals by discrediting a leading Liberal thinker. Liberapedia understands that attacks on Liberalism which discredit Liberal thinkers are ad hominem. We don't care that Sally Hemings was a slave, of African descent, or Jefferson's sister-in-law when it comes to evaluating Jefferson's thinking. We do care that Jefferson may have taken advantage of a young girl who couldn't easily say no, when he owed her a duty of protection.

To be fair, it's entirely possibly that the relationship was consensual. We don't know. Jefferson may have gotten close to her after losing his wife in the 1780s. Doesn't make it right but we can't react with emotion and admit to the gray area.

Miscellaneous

Jefferson sent Abigail Adams a letter on September 11, 1804 (197 Years to the day 9/11 happened). [3]. Also 9 years later on the same day Jefferson sent a letter to a man named John Wayles Eppes[4].

Jefferson invented the swivel chair, which he sat in while writing the Declaration of Independence.

Jefferson is on the US Nickel ($0.05) and the $2 Dollar bill.

Rap skills

"First Secretary of State. VP Number Two. Not to mention third President. The f***'d you do?"- Jefferson ends his first verse

In 2016, Jefferson was featured in an Epic Rap Battle of History against abolitionist Frederick Douglas.

Pros and Cons

Pros

  • Great Diplomat
  • Great writer.
  • Wrote the Declaration of Independence.
  • Interest in geography and natural science helped him understand the significance of the Louisiana Purchase.
  • Repealed the authoritarian Alien and Sedition Acts.
  • Avoided involvement in the Napoleonic wars.
  • Destroyed the Barbary pirate slave trade.
  • Champion of Religious Freedom and the Separation of Church and State.
  • Started the Library of Congress.
  • Founded University of Virginia.
  • Commissioned the Lewis and Clarke expedition.
  • Cut the US debt in half.
  • Ended the Whiskey Tax.

Controversial

  • Wanted to abolish slavery... while owning slaves.

Cons

  • Had a kid with his Sally Hemings, a slave he had an affair with
  • Cut the military to where European powers started ignoring American threats and requests
  • Horrible public speaker
  • Embargo Act of 1807
  • Anti-Industry.

References

Advertisement