Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt Jr was the 26th President of the United States from 1901-1909 and before then, the Vice President of the United States until William McKinley was assassinated. He loved to say "Bully!" as a term of excitement.
During the last few days of his Vice Presidency, he said his famous phrase "Speak softly but carry a big stick." Nowadays, Republicans have turned it into "Speak loudly and be a big d---".
He was part of the Republican Party at a time when Republicans were more like Abraham Lincoln and less Conservative than Republicans are today. Like Lincoln, Roosevelt also left the Republican Party for his last Presidential bid. In Roosevelt's case, dirty tricks of conservative Republicans made it impossible to gain the Republican nomination despite having a majority of elected delegates supporting him. Roosevelt chose to refuse to be nominated in the 1912 convention, and instead formed the Progressive Party, commonly known as the Bull Moose Party. Roosevelt's ideas were more reformist, liberal and environmentalist (which makes him less of a conservative than modern Tea Partiers would like to admit).
Theodore Roosevelt was the one of the greatest presidents of the United States of America due to the numerous policies he introduced, such as:
- The first policy Teddy (Theodore Roosevelt) introduced was his conservationist (environmentalist) idea, he turned 1 million acres of forests and bushes into bird sanctuaries and natural parks, he has been very famous for that.
- Theodore Roosevelt's economic policy was beneficial to ordinary people and is the reason why America went into the Progressive Era. In the United States, around the time of 1901 to 1906/1907, huge corporations, or "trusts" dominated American markets by buying out all the competition (i.e. smaller businesses) in a certain industry and acting as monopolies. Monopolies could exploit consumers by raising prices and not caring for the quality of their products, and consumers could not spend their money elsewhere as the monopolies had bought out all the competition. Monopolies were also detrimental to their workers, as they generally paid them low wages and did nothing about horrendous working conditions. Monopolies hurt small businesses as well, as small businesses could not compete with larger corporations with more workers, more production lines, etc., and would be forced to either sell their businesses to the larger corporations or risk decline. Roosevelt, taking note of the issue, stepped in and split the trusts into smaller businesses. This allowed other small businesses to compete with the large corporations and eliminated most of the issues that the monopolies had created in the first place. Due to these actions, he became known as a Trustbuster.
- He raised the minimum wage and reduced working hours.
- Teddy initiated the Food and Drugs Act, banning misleading products and brought in a law that was meant to protect consumer rights while giving better quality for products.
Pros & Cons
- Youngest President ever
- Created the Panama Canal
- Doubled the number of national parks
- Set aside 150 million acres of forest to preserve
- Fought corruption in the government
- Made a reputation as a Trustbuster
- Became a working-class hero with his handling of the Anthracite Coal Strike and the miner’s unions
- Established the Department of Commerce and Labor
- Signed the Pure Food and Drug Act
- Strongly believed in the separation of church and state
- First President to invite an African American guest to the White House – Booker T. Washington
- Intervened in the Russo-Japanese War and helped to settle the conflict
- Won a Nobel Peace prize for ending the Russo-Japanese War
- Led the Rough Riders to victory during the Spanish-American War
- Campaigned for Universal health care in his 1912 campaign
- The Banana Republic / Banana Wars
- Furthered American Imperialism
- Expanded the Monroe Doctrine to the entire Western Hemisphere
Completely and totally disregarded CongressInvented the Bully Pulpit and invigorated the Presidency.
- Went waaay over budget on the Panama Canal
- Pretty much overthrew the Colombian government in Panama and reinstated a puppet government for American business interests
- Ran for a third term as President in 1913, splitting the Republican vote and resulting in the more socially conservative Democratic candidate Woodrow Wilson being elected
Nobel Peace Prize 1906.