Social Democracy is very similar to Liberalism and Democratic Socialism. Social democrats want to see a market economy with both the public and private sectors. Social Democracy wishes to reform capitalism, instead of abolishing it entirely.
Social Democracy and the Public Sector
Some Social Democrats think the private sector should be larger than the public sector. In social-democratic Scandinavian countries, the public sector may be larger than the private sector. Social Democrats believe that the government should make sure that all citizens can get childcare, education, Health Care and similar services, see Welfare state. Sometimes the state runs these services. Other times the state subsidizes the private sector and the private sector runs it.
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the Political Philosophy
Social Democracy Preserves Democracy
- Social democracy is the same as socialism.
- Socialism is the same as Communism.
- Communism is the same as totalitarianism as in the USSR.
In reality, conservatives can’t face the truth. Liberal or social-democrat welfare provisions can preserve democracy. Welfare provisions prevent people from becoming so poor and desperate that they join Stalinist or Fascist or Nazi-type revolutions.
Social Democracy and the Private Sector
Social democrats want the state to regulate the private sector and stop private companies harming society generally. The state should make sure trade is fair and prevent monopolies, etc. Social democrats want social security to protect people if they become sick or unemployed, or when they are too old to Work. They also want equal opportunities for people with disabilities. Social democrats want the state to protect people from becoming poor generally. High progressive taxation is advocated to achieve this, that means taxing the rich who can afford to pay.
Social democrats want to protect the environment. That means things like trying to reduce Global warming and developing alternative energy sources, see Renewable energy. They tend to be Pro-choice and in favour of same-sex marriage. They think countries should work to promote Democracy abroad. They want to see Civil liberties protected and accept multiculturalism. Denmark is an example of social democracy and is one of the happiest countries in the World.
Social Democracy and Liberals
There is a great deal of overlap between social democrats and liberals, indeed some people and organisations can be both social democrat and liberal at the same time. A further complication is that people and groups that would be called social democrat in Europe are usually called liberal in the USA. As a general rule people and groups seen as liberal put more emphasis on Freedom while social democrats emphasise more welfare provision and regulation for the public good.
Social Democracy and Socialism
In the early 1900s, social democrats tended to be sympathetic towards Marxism and socialism and openly supported a transition to democratic socialism. Unlike Marxists, social democrats believed a violent overthrow of the working class was unnecessary and counterproductive. Their opposition towards capitalism was rooted in ethics as opposed to economics. The socialist party was brought into Germany in 1917, and was somewhat accepted in 1932. Since World War II, many social democrats have considered their ideology an ends instead of a means, and few platforms support the gradual abolition of private property. Because of this, some hardcore left-wingers criticize social democracy as neoliberal and not an effective way of ending capitalism. However, social democrats who genuinely desire the abrogation of capitalism exist and most social democratic parties are members of Socialist International, which advocates democratic socialism. In practise even countries like communist China found it necessary to allow a private sector and it is unlikely that the private sector will ever be abolished in successful social democratic nations.
Forms of Social Democracy
- Democratic Socialism
- Green Politics left-wingers tend to care about green issues, Right-Wingers tend to care more about making money for rich companies, etc.
- Market Socialism
- Right Wing
- Anti Democracy
- Anti Semitism
- Uncontrolled Capitalism
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