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The Schutzstaffel (better known as the SS; in English "Protective Echelon") were Adolf Hitler's political soldiers. They were responsible for the mass murder of Jews and others in the Holocaust, many were tried and convicted of War crimes. The SS ran the secret police, and served as Hitler's bodyguards.

The SS actually consisted of two groups: the Allgemeine SS (Universal SS), which ran the political offices and the Waffen-SS (Armed SS), which was the Nazi army (separate from the Wehrmacht).

Julius Schreck was the most well-known general of the SS and second-in-command of the SS behind only Adolf Hitler himself.

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