Laws exist in all nations, people are expected to obey the law on the country where they are, also citizens are expected to obey the laws of their country. Law is divided into civil law and criminal law.
- Breaking civil law generally requires the person or organisation responsible to compensate the injured party.
- Breaking criminal law is called crime and can lead to punishment such as fines, Prison, probation.
Most laws are good but totalitarian governments and dictatorships enact oppressive laws and even in democracies elected rulers are sometimes corrupt and pass oppressive laws. Laws based on religion can be notably oppressive in dictatorships or even democracies.
- In the 21st Century a few Muslim nations base their legal system on rules that Nomadic herders developed in the Middle Ages. For the harm that causes see Problems with Muslim Sharia Law.
- Some Christian groups also try to base their laws on what Bronze Age herders and Iron Age farmers wrote in the Bible. In Chile for example a woman can't get an abortion legally even if her life is in danger. See Theocracy.