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John Calvin Coolidge Jr. was the thirtieth President of the United States and Vice President under Warren G. Harding. He was a conservative. He earned the nickname "Silent Cal" because while he made prominent speeches, in private he was a man of few words. He was a big proponent of "laissez-faire" capitalism, because its an economic system in which the President does not interfere. He was big on small-government, basically because he was lazy and wanted his job to be as easy as possible. His predecessor, Warren G. Harding messed up worse than he did. Coolidge started the depression although Hoover made it worse!

On the bright side, he was socially liberal, considering that he signed into law legislation that gave Native Americans citizenship.

Pros & Cons


  • Signed the Indian Citizenship Act, also known as the Snyder Act
  • Rallied for Civil Rights and Anti-lynching laws
  • Cleaned up the corruption of Harding’s administration


  • Signed the Immigration Act which banned immigrants from Mexico and Japan, as well as southern and eastern European nations.
  • Did nothing to regulate the Credit Bubble that directly led to the Great Depression
  • Gave huge tax breaks to big corporations
  • Notorious for his temper and random outbursts


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